Moving aims and habits of one generation onto the next is what education is built on, but there isn’t just one way of doing this – there are hundreds of theories. One of these was developed in the late 1800s by a certain Mara Montessori.
The style, which is now found in as many as 20,000 schools across the globe, and is for children up to 18 years old has shown itself to be very worthy. With children working best when they are the ones who set the boundaries, Montessori works well to show freedom, independence and psychological development through many practices.
Here we will take a look at the theory that comes with Montessori education:
- Self construction, spontaneous activity and liberty – An education approach that is based around the human development model, it has two main elements. Through environment interaction, these children manage to be involved in psychological self-construction. In addition, consider how the psychological development path can change and, especially for those under six, the chance for choice in boundaries offers great strides.
- Human tendencies – While the universal and innate characteristics were first seen thanks to studies by Montessori, it was her son who actually coined the phrase. By offering up things like order, repetition, self-perfection,exploration and self-preservation you can drive early development.
- Prepared environment – As previously stated, this theory is pretty much worked around the premise of having limits but offering choices within them. Thanks to a use of construction, beauty and order, a child is able to develop independence thanks to psychological directives.
- Development planes – According to Montessori, we have four distinct planes of human development – birth to six, six to 12, 12 to 18 and 18 to 24. And, from the absorbent mind, sensitive periods and normalization that we see in the first to embracing science and culture in the final it is a great foundation for life.
- Peace and education – A famous quote from Montessori summed up her determination to find the theory behind education – “preventing conflicts is the work of politics; establishing peace is the work of education”. She created a practice to her theory that she completely believed had a role to play across the world, and this was shown through her six Nobel Peace Prize nominations.
With this we see how this theory of education has been set up. Since it was first started, Montessori has been received very well and continues to go strong. Always be sure that the programme in question sticks to the theories and ideals that she discovered all those years ago.